TCC challenges BVI court docket order


The Tethyan Copper Firm (TCC) has challenged the ruling of a British Virgin Islands (BVI) court docket that Pakistan can retain its belongings earlier connected in reference to the Reko Diq mines case and has filed an attraction in opposition to the Excessive Court docket of Justice’s order within the BVI’s Court docket of Attraction.

On November 20 final 12 months, the TCC sought attachment of Pakistan’s belongings for the enforcement of the $6 billion award that the Worldwide Centre for Settlement of Funding Disputes (ICSID) slapped on the nation on July 12, 2019 for revoking a contract for mining at Reko Diq in Balochistan.

BVI excessive court docket choose Gerhard Wallbank on December 10, 2020 connected the Roosevelt Resort in New York and the Scribe Resort in Central Paris – belongings belonging to the Pakistan Worldwide Airways (PIA) Funding Restricted – to implement the award.

Nonetheless, the identical court docket retracted its earlier order and dominated that the PIA might retain its two belongings, a improvement that Pakistani officers described as a authorized victory.

The BVI excessive court docket not solely rejected the TCC plea for attachment of the PIA belongings but additionally imposed a $5 million price in addition to $50,000 penalty on the corporate.

Learn extra: Virgin Islands court unfreezes PIA assets in Reko Diq case

A senior official within the legislation ministry revealed to The Specific Tribune that the BVI court docket dominated that it has no jurisdiction, and all ex-parte orders obtained by the TCC have been primarily based on an incorrect studying of legislation.

It put aside the order for registration of the ICSID award on the premise that the court docket was misled on the difficulty of state immunity, and lack of formal service of the declare type.

The court docket additionally fully put aside provisional charging order in opposition to the PIA’s shares within the BVI firms “because the Charging Orders Act 2020 is just not but in drive, and that the TCC has failed to ascertain on the ex-parte listening to excessive circumstances” that may warrant therapy of the PIA as a state organ. A lawyer, who has experience in worldwide legislation, hoped that the destiny of the TCC attraction could be rejected.

The ICSID committee has additionally concluded proceedings initiated by Pakistan for the annulment of $6 billion award in Reko Diq case. Sources within the legislation ministry stated Minister for Legislation Dr Farogh Naseem additionally took half within the annulment proceedings by way of video link.

The choice on Pakistan’s annulment plea remains to be awaited. The sources instructed The Specific Tribune that Pakistan has raised a number of grounds to invoke annulment proceedings.

Authorized specialists stated Pakistan’s possibilities of having its $6 billion penalty within the Reko Diq case annulled have obtained a lift after the ICSID committee put aside a €128m arbitral award slapped on Spain.

The committee put aside the award after an arbitrator – Stanimir Alexandrov who had represented the claimants within the case in opposition to Islamabad as properly – was discovered concerned in concealing data.

On June 11, 2020, a three-member ICSID advert hoc committee, headed by Ricardo Ramírez-Hernández of Mexico and comprising Makhdoom Ali Khan of Pakistan and Dominique Hascher of France, annulled the penalty imposed on Spain in favour of a solar energy investor as Alexandrov didn’t disclose a longstanding skilled relationship with an knowledgeable witness from the legislation type Brattle Group.

Additionally learn: ‘Out-of-court settlement with Tethyan Copper Company possible’

Earlier, Pakistan had utilized to disqualify the Bulgarian arbitrator from listening to the case on the grounds that the claimants have been counting on a uncommon valuation methodology that was additionally at problem in one other case through which he was appearing as counsel.

Nonetheless, Pakistan’s authorized crew Allen & Overy LLP was unable to persuade the World Financial institution president, who rejected the objection. Authorized specialists imagine that Islamabad’s authorized technique was poor because it had raised its objection over all three members of the tribunal.

If the authorized crew had centered on Alexandrov alone, the objection over his battle of curiosity might have been accepted, they stated.

Now Pakistan has approached the ICSID once more for the annulment of the award within the Reko Diq case. After the ICSID committee’s choice, Pakistan has once more raised the identical objection over Alexandrov’s inclusion within the tribunal.

Alexandrov had ties to the Brattle Group, a authorized agency which had represented the TCC within the case in opposition to Pakistan. The ICSID committee annulled the Vitality Constitution Treaty award gained by UK funding fund Eiser Infrastructure and a subsidiary in its entirety.

It discovered that Alexandrov’s failure to reveal the connection between Carlos Lapuerta of the Brattle Group and created a “manifest look of bias” which meant that the tribunal was not correctly constituted and that there had been a critical departure from a basic rule of process – two grounds for annulment below the ICSID Conference.

It’s understood to be the primary time within the ICSID’s historical past that an award has been annulled on the premise of an arbitrator’s lack of independence and impartiality.

Former Pakistan lawyer basic Makhdoom Ali Khan changed unique panelist Teresa Cheng, who stepped down when she turned Hong Kong’s secretary for justice in 2018.

The claimant used Gibson Dunn & Crutcher for the annulment continuing, having used Allen & Overy within the arbitration. Spain relied on authorities legal professionals all through the dispute, additionally retaining Curtis Mallet-Prevost Colt & Mosle for the annulment part.

Eiser was one of many quite a few traders to deliver treaty claims in response to Spain’s reforms to its subsidy regime for renewable power, and the primary to prevail in such a declare.

In its May 2017 award, a tribunal chaired by John Criminal of the US ordered Spain to pay €128 million plus curiosity after discovering that the reforms violated the ECT. Eiser’s appointee Alexandrov and Campbell McLachlan QC of New Zealand, who was chosen by Spain, joined within the unanimous ruling.

Spain filed for annulment quickly after, arguing that Alexandrov had violated his obligation of independence and impartiality by failing to reveal a 15-year relationship with the Brattle Group and Lapuerta, who had been retained by Eiser as specialists within the arbitration.

On the time of the Eiser arbitration, Alexandrov was a companion at Sidley Austin in Washington.

Spain argued that in his time on the agency, Alexandrov’s crew had appointed the Brattle Group in 9 investor-state arbitrations and that in 4 of these cases Lapuerta was the testifying knowledgeable – together with cases that have been pending similtaneously the Eiser arbitration.

The state stated this relationship solely turned public after the Eiser award was issued, when Pakistan challenged Alexandrov in an unrelated ICSID arbitration introduced by the TCC on the premise of his ties to Brattle. Alexandrov retired from Sidley Austin quickly after that to arrange an impartial observe.

In its choice, the committee concluded {that a} tribunal could also be held to have been improperly constituted for annulment functions the place an arbitrator lacked independence or impartiality at any time in the course of the arbitration.

The committee additionally dismissed Eiser’s competition that the right treatment for Spain could be to hunt revision of the award. It stated revision proceedings have been primarily involved with the substance of the award, whereas an annulment committee is tasked with defending the “integrity of the proceedings.”

The truth that Alexandrov would don’t have any alternative to answer allegations of bias in opposition to him in an annulment continuing was thus “of little consequence.”

It additionally stated Spain had not waived its proper to lift the allegations, observing Eiser had not proven a transparent occasion the place Spain was or moderately must have been conscious of Alexandrov’s relationship with Brattle earlier than the Eiser award was issued – regardless of the existence of public details about the connection, together with in GAR articles.

The committee stated Alexandrov had an obligation to reveal the connection and had failed to take action. It declined to rule on Spain’s submission that Lapuerta was additionally below an obligation to reveal the connection below the IBA guidelines on the taking of proof.

By depriving Spain of the chance to problem him, the committee stated Alexandrov had additionally disadvantaged the state of looking for the profit and safety of an impartial tribunal, thus affecting its proper of defence and proper to a good trial.

The failure to reveal couldn’t be thought to be an inconsequential error.

The committee stated the non-disclosure had resulted within the tribunal deliberating with none data of the connection. The truth that the award was unanimous was no bar to annulment.

Every tribunal member might be anticipated to have influenced the others together with his views and evaluation. It additional famous that the tribunal adopted the damages mannequin proposed by Lapuerta in its entirety.

Whereas it was attainable the arbitrators would have adopted the mannequin in any occasion, the committee stated that “Spain misplaced the potential of a distinct award”.

The tribunal subsequently concluded the failure to reveal might have had a “materials impact” on the award, thus amounting to a critical departure from a basic rule of process.

It stated that annulment committees are “guardians of the ICSID system” and “should set the bar excessive” relating to disclosure obligations. This included addressing conflicts of pursuits of arbitrators who additionally select to behave as counsel in funding disputes.

A global arbitration tribunal of the ICSID had slapped a penalty of $6 billion on Pakistan on July 12, 2019 for its 2011 choice to disclaim a mining lease for the Reko Diq challenge to the TCC, a consortium of Chilean and Canadian firms.

The tribunal – chaired by Germany’s Klaus Sachs and together with Bulgarian arbitrator Stanimir Alexandrov and the UK’s Lord Hoffmann had ordered Pakistan to pay over $4 billion in damages to the TCC along with $1.7 billion in pre-award curiosity.

The tribunal discovered that Pakistan had unlawfully denied the TCC a lease to mine copper and gold deposits on the Reko Diq mine, positioned in Chagai district of Balochistan.

It held that the state had dedicated an illegal expropriation below the Australia-Pakistan bilateral funding treaty. The ICSID additionally declared that the Supreme Court docket of Pakistan’s 2012 judgment within the rental energy initiatives case was ‘arbitrary’.


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